Kuala Lampur, Nov. 18 -- In Malaysia, any debate on political Islam would invariably revolve around the Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party - PAS). This is primarily due to their Islamist and revivalist aspirations of incorporating Islam into all aspects of society, including politics, law and administration.

PAS planned to implement the Syariah Penal Code II in Kelantan in 1993 and the Syariah Crimes (Hudud and Qisas) in Terengganu in 2002. The Islamic State Document, issued in 2003, defined the party's vision of an Islamic state regulated by hudud rules. Meanwhile, party chief Abdul Hadi Awang has argued for Islam's prominent role in Malaysia, a divergence from PAS' vision of an Islamic state two decades ago.

Recent e...