India, Jan. 28 -- The history of the Supreme Court of India is directly and inextricably linked to that of the Constitution. The latter came into effect on January 26, 1950. The apex court, which derives its independence and remit from the Constitution, came into being two days later, on January 28, 1950. It completes its seventieth year of existence today.

In these 70 years, the court has delivered several important judgments. Here's a subjective listing of a few:

AK Gopalan v State of Madras (May 19, 1950) : This was the first case which gave the court the opportunity to explore the right to life and liberty under Article 21 of the Constitution. The court ruled against communist leader Gopalan, who was detained in a Madras prison, hol...