India, Jan. 12 -- National Youth Day is observed every year on January 12 to honour the teachings and ideals of Swami Vivekananda. Born on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata, Swami Vivekananda was a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna and was a key figure in the introduction of the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the western world. Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission.

Since 1984, January 12 is observed as National Youth Day across the country. While taking the decision to mark Swami Vivekananda's birth anniversary as the National Youth Day, the government said, "the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for t...