Nairobi, March 1 -- Systemic factors like poor infrastructure, under-staffing and marginalisation lead to low academic achievements among learners, with those from low-income backgrounds most affected, a new report has revealed.

Learners who attend schools that have amenities like libraries, electricity, smaller class sizes, more teachers and reliable supply of clean water perform better than their counterparts in schools that lack the facilities, the report shows.

The study also shows that children from humble backgrounds have delayed entry into formal learning, which affects their learning outcomes and future careers.

Nearly one-third of preschool-age children between four and 15 years are not attending school, indicating a notable c...